Taiko is an ancient Japanese form of percussion using large drums. The drums range in size from roughly a snare drum ("shime"), to drums as large as a car (the "o-daiko"). The most common drum size in taiko is the "chu-daiko" which is the size of a wine barrel.
During the 1900's, Taiko drumming became a musical art form that involved a music ensemble and tightly choreographed movements. This is taiko as we know it today.
One of taiko's most defining aspects is it's dynamic playing style. Taiko playing is loud, hard, and fast, and involves a lot of choreographed movement which many identify with Japanese martial arts.
There are more than 8,000 taiko groups in Japan, but it is only over the last 30 years that taiko drumming has taken root in the western world. Even if you have not seen taiko drumming live, you have probably still encountered it in movies with a Japanese theme, such as Rising Sun, or The Hunted.
In taiko drumming the performers are not merely using the drum as an instrument; they are aiming to form a connection between the drum and themselves through four principles:
- kata (form)
- musical technique
- ki (energy)
Through these four principles we hope to achieve what we call the ultimate expression of taiko, when the art becomes a part of our personality, a way of being and life expression. The first principle 'attitude' refers to having a respect for one's self, other players, and the instruments in order to bring about a discipline of both body and mind.
As taiko drumming is a form of ensemble drumming that has strictly choreographed movements, it is crucial that the performers develop an awareness of their body movement in space and their interaction with other players.
See also: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiko