Kazu (Numbers)

Japanese                            Phonetic                              Kanji                      English
Kazu                                        kah-zoo                                  数                             Numbers
Rei                                           ray                                            零                              Zero
Ichi                                          eech                                         一                              One
Ni                                             nee                                           二                              Two
San                                          san                                           三                              Three
Shi (Yon)                               she (yon)                                四                              Four
Go                                           go                                              五                              Five
Roku                                      roke                                          六                              Six
Shichi (Nana)                     seech (nana)                         七                              Seven
Hachi                                     hach                                         八                              Eight
Ku                                           koo                                            九                              Nine
Ju                                            joo                                            十                               Ten
Ju Ichi                                   joo eech                                  十一                          Eleven
Ju Ni                                      joo nee                                     十二                         Twelve
Ju San                                   joo san                                     十三                         Thirteen
Ju Shi                                     joo she                                     十四                        Fourteen
Ju Go                                      joo go                                       十五                        Fifteen
Ju Roku                                 joo roke                                   十六                        Sixteen
Ju Shichi                               joo seech                                 十七                       Seventeen
Ju Hachi                                joo hach                                   十八                       Eighteen
Ju Ku                                       joo koo                                    十九                        Nineteen
Ni Ju                                        nee joo                                     二十                        Twenty
San Ju                                     san joo                                     三十                        Thirty
Yon Ju                                     yon joo                                     四十                        Forty
Go Ju                                       go joo                                        五十                       Fifty
Roku Ju                                  roku joo                                    六十                       Sixty
Nana Ju                                  nana joo                                   七十                       Seventy
Hachij Ju                                hachi joo                                  八十                       Eighty
Ku Ju                                        koo joo                                     九十                        Ninety
Hyaku                                       heeyakoo                                百                            One hundred
Ni hyaku                                  nee heeyakoo                        二百                       Two hundred
San Byaku                               san beeyakoo                        三百                       Three hundred
Yon Hyaku                              yon heeyakoo                         四百                       Four hundred

Tachikata (Stances)

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                      English
Tachikata                              tacheekata                               立方                        Stances (standing methods)
Tachi (dachi)                        tachee (dachee)                    立ち                         Stance
Fudo-dachi                           foodoe-dachee                      不動立ち               Immovable Stance
Gankaku-dachi                   gankakoo-dachee                厳鶴立ち                Rigid Crane Stance
Hachi-dachi                          hachee-dachee                    八立ち                      Open Natural Stance
Hangetsu-dachi                  hangetsoo-dachee             半月立ち                 Half-moon Stance
Heiko-dachi                          hayko-dachee                        平行立ち                Parallel Stance
Heisoku-dachi                     heisokoo dachee                  閉足立ち                Closed-foot Stance
Kamae                                    kamai                                        構え                           Fighting Posture "Take a Stance"
Kiba-dachi                            keeba-dachee                        騎馬立ち                Horse Riding Stance
Kokutsu-dachi                     kokootsu- dachee               後屈立ち                 Back-leg-bent Stance (back-ducking Stance)
Kosa-dachi                            kosa-dachee                          交差立ち                 Cross-leg Stance
Kumite-kamae                    koomeetay kamai                組手立ち                 Fighting Stance (with guard up)
Musubi-dachi                       moosoobee dachee            結立ち                      Heels Together Stance (tying-together Stance)
Nekoashi-dachi                   nehkoashi-dachee              貓足立ち                  Cat Stance
Sanchin-dachi                     sanchin-dachee                    三戦立ち                  Hourglass Stance (three-battles stance)
Shiko-dachi                           sheeko dachee                     四股立ち                  Straddle Stance
Shizentai                                sheezentie                             自然体                        Natural Stance
Yoko-kiba-dachi                 yoko-keeba-dachee            横騎馬立ち             Side Horse Riding Stance
Zenkutsu-dachi                   zenkootsoo dachee            前屈立ち                  Front-leg-bent Stance (front-ducking Stance)

Ukekata (Blocking Methods)

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                      English
Ukekata                                 ookay kata                               受方                         Blocking Methods
Uke                                          ookay                                          受                             Block
Chudan-soto-uke              choo-dahn-soto-ookay        中段外受              Middle Outside-Inward Bock
Chudan-uchi-uke              choodahn-oochee-ookay    中段内受              Middle Inside-Outward (Scooping) Block
Gedan-barai                        gaydahn-barye                         下段払い              Lower Sweeping (Block)
Jodan-age-uke                   jodahn-agay-ookay                上段げ受              Upper Level Rising Block
Juji-uke                                 joojee-ookay                             十字受                    X-block (cross-shaped character block)
Kosa-uke                               kosah-ookay                              交差受                  Cross Block
Magetori-barai-uke          magehtoree-barye-ookay     髷取 払受            Rising Double Knife-hand Block (grabbing topknot block)
Morote-uke                          morotay-ookay                          諸手受                  Two-hand Reinforced or Augmented Block
Otoshi-uke                            otoshee-ookay                          落受                       Dropping Block
Shuto-uke                             shootoe ookay                           手刀受                  Knife Hand Block

Semekata (Attacking Methods)

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                      English
Semekata                              sehmehkahtah                        攻方                        Attacking Methods
Tsuki, -zuki                           tsookee, zookee                      突き                        Punch (lit. Thrust)
Age-zuki                                 ahgay-zookee                          上げ突き               Rising Punch
Chudan-zuki                        choodahn-zookee                  中段突き               Middle Level Punch
Gedan-zuki                           geydahn-zookee                     下段突き                Lower Level Punch
Gyaku-zuki                           gyahkoo-zookee                      逆突き                    Reverse Punch
Hiji-ate                                   heejee-ahtay                             肘当                         Elbow Smash
Ippon-ken                             ee-pohn-ken                              一本拳                    One Knuckle Fist
Jodan-zuki                           joe-dahn-zookee                      上段突き               Upper Level Punch
Kizami-zuki                         keezahmee-zookee                  刻み突き               Jab (shredded thrust)
Oi-zuki                                   oy-zookee                                   追突き                     Lunge Punch, Chasing Punch
Nukite                                    newkeetay                                  貫手                         Spear-hand
Seiken                                    sayken                                          正拳                         Fist (thumb down)
Tate-zuki                              tahteh-zookee                           縦突き                   Vertical Punch (thumb to side)
Ura-zuki                                oorah-zookee                            裏突き                    Underhand Punch (thumb up)
Choku-zuku                         chohkoo-zookee                      直突き                    Straight Punch
Mawashi-zuki                     mahwahshee-zookee             廻突き                    Roundhouse Punch
Yama-zuki                            yahmah-zookee                        山突き                   Mountain Punch
Shi-zuki                                 shee-zookee                               鶏口突き               Chicken Beak Thrust
Haito-uchi                            hitoh-oochee                             背刀 打                   Reverse Knife-hand Strike
Kentsui-uchi                       kentsuee-oochee                      拳槌打                    Hammer-fist Strike
Shuto-uchi                          shootoh-oochee                        手刀打                    Knife-hand Strike
Uraken-uchi                       oorahken-oochee                     裏拳打                     Backfist Strike
Empi-uchi                           empee-oochee                           猿臂打                     Elbow Strike
Hiza-ate                               heezah-ahtay                              膝当                         Knee Smash
Teisho                                   tay-shoh                                       底掌                         Palm Heel Smash
Tate-hiji-ate                       tahtay-heejee-ah-teh              縦肘当                    Upward Elbow Smash
Ushiro-hiji-ate                  oosheeroh-heejee-ahteh       後肘当                     Backward Elbow Smash
Yoko-hiji-ate                      yohkoh-heejee-ahteh             横肘当                    Side Elbow Smash

Kerikata (Kicking Methods)

Japanese                             Pronunciation                        Kanji                         English
Keri, -geri                               kehree, gehree                         蹴り                            Kick
Keage                                      kee-ah-gay                                 蹴上                           Snap Kick, Rising Kick
Kekomi                                   keh-ko-mee                               蹴込                           Thrust Kick
Ashi-barai                              ahshee-bahrye                        足払                            Leg Sweep
Fumikomi                              foomeekohmee                       踏み込み                 Foot Stomp
Hiza-geri                                 heezah-gehree                        膝蹴り                       Knee Kick
Kinteki-geri                           keentehkee-gehree               金的蹴り                   Groin Kick (Money Shot!)
Mae-geri                                 my-gehree                                前蹴り                         Front Kick
Mae-geri-kakato                 my-gehree-kahkahtoe        前蹴踵                        Front Kick with the Heel
Mawashi-geri                       mahwahshee-gehree           廻蹴り                        Round-house Kick with Top of Foot
Maetobi-geri                        mytohbee-gehree                  前飛蹴り                   Two-level Kick
Mikazuki-geri                       meekazookee-gehree          三日月蹴り             Crescent Kick (Three Day Moon Kick)
Ushiro-geri                            oosheeroh-gehree                後蹴り                        Back Kick
Yoko-geri                               yohkoh-gehree                       横蹴り                        Side Kick

Opening and Closing Ceremonies

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                             English
Shugo                                     shoo-go                                     集合                               Line Up, Gather together
Seiza                                       say-zah                                      正座                                Sit/Kneel Quietly
Mokuso                                  moh-koo-soh                           黙想                              Quiet Meditation
Mokuso Yame                      mohkoosoh yahmeh            黙想止め                     Stop Mediation
Shomen ni Rei                    shoh-men ni ray                      正面に礼                     Bow to the Front
Sensei ni Rei                        sen-say nee ray                       先生に礼                     Bow to the Teacher
Sensei-taji ni Rei                sensay-tahjee-nee-ray         先生多事に礼            Bow to the Teachers
Dojo Kun                               doejoe koon                             道場訓                           Training Hall Precepts

Commands & Phrases

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                                           English
Arigato Gozaimasu           areegahtoe gozaimas          ありがとうございます      Thank You Very Much
Do Itashimas'te                  do-eetasheemash-tay          どういたしまして                You're Welcome
Hajime                                    hah-jee-may                             始め                                             Begin
Kiotsuke                                kee-oh-skay                               気を付け                                  Attention! Stand up straight!
Mate                                       mah-tay                                       待って                                        Wait
Mawate                                 mah-wah-tay                             回って                                       Turn Around
Mou Ichi Do                         moh eechee doh                      もう一度                                  One More Time
Naore                                     nowreh                                         直れ                                           Return to Attention (as you were)                         
Onegai Shimasu                 oh-neh-guy-she-mas             お願いします                        Please (Teach Me)
Otagai ni                                oh-tah-gah-ee neeお             互いに                                      Toward Each Other
Otagai ni Rei                        oh-tah-gah-ee nee ray           お互いに礼                            Bow to Each Other
Rei                                            ray                                                  礼                                                Bow with Respect
Yame                                       yah-may                                       止め                                           Stop
Yoi                                            yoy                                                 用意                                            Ready, Attention

Parts of the Body

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                      English
Ago                                          ah-goh                                         顎                            Chin, Jaw
Ashi                                         ah-she                                         足                             Foot and/or Leg
Atama                                    ah-tah-mah                              頭                              Head
Hana                                       hah-nah                                     鼻                              Nose
haisoku                                  hai-sow-koo                             背足                         Reverse Foot (Instep)
Haito                                       hai-tow                                       背刀                         Reverse Knife Hand (Ridge Hand)
Heiken                                    hey-ken                                      平券                         Flat Fist (Bear Paw)
Hiji, Empi                              hee-jee, em-pee                      肘, 猿臂                  Elbow
Hiraken                                  hee-rah ken                               四本拳                    Four Finger Fist (Knuckles)
Hiza                                         he-zah                                         膝                               Knee
Kakato                                    kah-kah-toe                             踵                               Heel
Ken                                           ken                                              拳                                Fist
Koshi                                       koh shee                                    中足                          Middle Foot (Ball of Foot)
Koshi                                       koh-she                                      腰                               Hips
Kubi                                         koo-bee                                      首                              Neck
Kumade                                 koo-mah-day                            熊手                         Bear Hand (Tiger Claw)
Me                                            meh                                              目                               Eye
Mune                                       moo-neh                                    胸                               Chest
Nakadaka ken                     nahkahdahkah ken             中指一本拳            Middle Finger Fist (Knuckle)
Nodo                                       nohdoe                                      咽, 喉                        Throat
Nukite                                     nookeetay                               貫手                           Spear Hand
Seiken                                     sayken                                       正拳                           Proper Fist, Straight Fist, (Front 2 Knuckle Punch)
Shinkei                                   shinkeh                                      神経                          Nerve
Shuto                                      shootoh                                    手刀                           Knife Hand
Soku                                        sohkoo                                       足                               Foot
Sokutei                                   sohkootay                               足底                           Sole of the Foot
Sokuto                                    sohkootoh                               足刀                          Foot Blade, Foot Edge
Suigetsu                                 sooeegehtsoo                        水月                          Solar Plexus (lit. Water Moon)
Sune                                        sunay                                           脛                              Shin
Te                                              tay                                                 手                             Hand
Teisho                                     tayshoh                                     掌底                          Palm Heel
Tekubi                                     taykoobee                               手首                          Wrist
Tettsui                                     tehtsuee                                   鉄槌                          Iron Hammer (Hammer Fist)
Toriguchi                                tohreegoochee                     鶏口                           Chicken Beak (Finger Tips)
Tsumasaki                             tsoomahsahkee                   爪先                            Tips of the Toes
Ude                                           ooday                                       腕                                Forearm
Uraken                                    oorahken                                 裏拳                          Back Fist
Wanto                                      wahntoh                                  腕刀                          Sword Arm (Side of forearm)
Yubi                                          yoobee                                       指                              Finger

Miscellaneous Terms

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                     English
Atemi                                       ahtehmee                                当身                        Strike (Often to distract)
Barai                                        bah-rye                                      払い                       Sweep
Bunkai                                     boonkai                                   分解                        Application of Kata Techniques (picking apart)
Bushido                                  boosheedoh                           武士道                   The Way of the Warrior
Dai Ichi                                    dai-eech                                   第一                        The First
Deshi                                        deh-shee                                 弟子                        Student, Pupil
Dojo                                          doejoe                                      道場                        Place to Learn the Way
Gasshuku                               gahshookoo                           合宿                        Special Training (boarding house)
Gi                                               ghee                                           着                             Karate Uniform
Goshin Jutsu                         goshin jootsoo                      護身術                   Self Defense Techniques
Hai                                             hi                                                 はい                        Yes
Hidari                                       heedahree                               左                             Left
Hikite                                       heekeetay                                引き手                   Pull Hand
Iyae                                           eeyay                                         いいえ                   No
Jiyu Kumite                           jeeyoo koomeetay               自由組手              Freestyle Sparring
Kamiza                                    kameezah                                上座                        Seat of Honor, Shrine
Karateka                                 karataykah                              空手家                   Karate Student
Kiai                                            keeai                                          気合                        Spirit Yell
Kihon                                        keehon                                     基本                        Basics
Kime                                         keemeh                                    決め                        Focus  
Kokyu Ho                                kokyoo how                            呼吸法                   Breathing Methods
Kumite                                     koomeetay                              組手                        Sparring
Kuro Obi                                  kooroh Ohbee                       黒帯                        Black Belt
Obi                                             ohbee                                        帯                             Karate Belt
Osu                                           oss                                               押忍                        Yes sir, Understood, Okay!
Makiwara                                mahkeewahrah                     巻藁                        Striking Board
Migi                                            meegee                                     右                            Right
Shiai                                          sheeai                                         試合                       Sparring Match
Tameshi Wari                        tahmehshee wahree            試割り                  Breaking (Boards, Bricks, etc.)
Waza                                          wahzah                                     技                            Technique
Yakusoku Kumite                 yakoosokoo koomeetay    約束組手             Pre-arranged Sparring

Ranks & Titles

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                      English
Kyu                                           kyew                                            級                             Ranks below Black Belt
Mukyu                                     mookyew                                  無級                        No Level (White Belt)
Jukyu                                      jookyew                                    十級                         Tenth Level (Yellow Belt)
Kukyu                                      kookyew                                   九級                         Ninth Level (Orange Belt)
Hachikyu                                hachkyew                                八級                         Eigth Level (Orange Belt)
Nanakyu                                 nahnahkyew                         七級                          Seventh Level (Orange Belt)
Rokyu                                       rohkyew                                   六級                        Sixth Level (Green Belt)
Gokyu                                       gokyew                                     五級                        Fifth Level (Green Belt)
Yonkyu                                     yonkyew                                  四級                         Fourth Level (Green Belt)
Sankyu                                     sankyew                                   三級                        Third Level (Brown Belt)
Nikyu                                         neekyew                                  二級                         Second Level (Brown Belt)
Ikkyu                                         eekyew                                     一級                         First Level (Brown Belt)
Dan                                            dahn                                            段                            Ranks of Black Belt
Shodan-Ho                             shohdahn-hoe                       初段補                    Probationary First Degree Black Belt
Shodan                                     shohdahn                                初段                        First Degree Black Belt
Nidan                                         needahn                                   二段                        Second Degree Black Belt
Sandan                                      sandahn                                   三段                        Third Degree Black Belt
Yondan                                       yondahn                                  四段                         Fourth Degree Black Belt
Godan                                         godahn                                     五段                        Fifth Degree Black Belt
Rokudan                                    rohkoodahn                          六段                         Sixth Degree Black Belt
Nanadan                                    nahnahdahn                         七段                         Seventh Degree Black Belt
Hachidan                                   hacheedahn                          八段                         Eighth Degree Black Belt
Kudan                                         koodahn                                   九段                         Ninth Degree Black Belt
Judan                                          joodahn                                    十段                         Tenth Degree Black Belt
Joshu-Shoban                         johshoo shoban                    助手初版               Junior First Degree Black Belt

Kohai                                           koh-hai                                         後輩                       Junior Student (one who comes later)
Shidoin                                       shde-doyn                                   指導員                  Assistant Instructor
Sempai, Senpai                       sehm-pie                                     先輩                       Senior Student (one who comes first)
Sensei                                          sehn-say                                      先生                       Teacher (one who is born first)
Renshi                                          rehn-shee                                   錬士                       Senior Teacher
Shihan                                         shee-han                                     師範                        Teacher of Teachers
Kyoshi                                          kyoh-shee                                   教士                       Expert Teacher
Hanshi                                          hahn-shee                                  範士                       Master Teacher
Shidoshi                                      shee-doh-shee                         指導師                   Director

Martial Arts Styles

Japanese                             Pronunciation                      Kanji                      English
Ryu                                           roo                                               流                             Style or School
Aikido                                      eye-key-doh                            合気道                    The way of harmony, a Japanese martial art
Goju-ryu                                 goh-joo roo                              剛柔流                    Hard/Soft Style from Naha-te Okinawan karate
Iaido                                         eye-ay-doh                               居合道                   The Japanese art of drawing the sword
Isshin-ryu                                ish-in roo                                  一心流                   "The One Heart Way" style from the strengths of Shorin-ryu & Goju-ryu Okinawan karate
Judo                                          joo-doh                                     柔道                        The gentle way, a Japanese martial art
Ju-jutsu, Ju-jitsu                  joo-jut-soo                               柔術                        The gentle art, self defence
Karate-do                                kah-rah-tay-doh                    空手道                   The Way of the Empty Hand
Kempo, Kenpo                       kem-poh, ken-poh               拳法                        Fist principles, an Okinawan karate style
Kendo                                        ken-doh                                    剣道                        The way of the sword, a Japanese martial art
Kobudo                                     koh-boo-doh                          古武道                    Old martial way. A weapons martial art
Kung-fu                                     kung-foo                                   功夫                         Chinese martial arts
Matsubayashi-ryu                 mat-soo-by-ashi roo            松林流                   Pine Forest Style of Okinawan Shorin-ryu karate
Naha-te                                     nah-hah-tay                             那覇手                   One of the two main original Okinawan karate styles
Shiatsu                                      she-ah-tsoo                              指圧                        Meridian Massage
Shito-ryu                                   she-toh roo                              糸東流                   Combination of Naha-te & Suri-te Okinawan karate
Shorin-ryu                                 show-rin roo                           小林流                   Little Forest Style from Shuri-te Okinawan Karate
Shotokan                                   show-toh-kahn                      松涛館                   Sports Style of Japanese Karate
Shuri-ryu                                    shur-ee ryu                              首里流                   Okinawan/american style of karate
Shuri-te                                       shur-ee tay                              首里手                   One of the two main original Okinawan karate styles
Taekwon-do                              tay-kwon-doh                        テコンドー         Korean Martial Art with an emphasis on kicks
Uechi-ryu                                    ee-chi roo                                 上地流                   Way of Uechi, a Kung fu flavored Okinawan karate style
Wado-ryu                                    wah-doh roo                           和道流                    A Japanase style of Karate